Endometriosis is a common cause of infertility. It's a condition in which the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside it. Endometriosis affected 10.8 million as of 2015. How to diagnose and treat endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a condition called 'a double menstruation'. It's a condition in which the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside it. Most often this is on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissue around the uterus and ovaries; however, in rare cases it may also occur in other parts of the body. This causes chronic inflammatory reactions and internal bleeding. Local inflammatory conditions that cause blood accumulation are often painful. Repeated inflammatory conditions and bleedings may lead to the development of adhesions (scars). Endometriosis affected 10.8 million as of 2015.
What are the causes and symptoms of endometriosis?
The causes of endometriosis are not known. It is known that the condition is associated with high levels of estrogen and it's genetically determined. It is estimated that it affects every fifth woman of childbearing age. The symphtoms of endometriosis may be painful and heavy menstruations, painful intercourses, spotting between periods, difficulties with getting pregnant, painful defecation, blood in urine or feces. It does happen that the condition asymptomatic, and if they do appear they are not the same in all women and that the symptoms mentioned above are always the same.
How to cure endometriosis?
The most commonly used endometriosis diagnostic method is laparoscopy, where the tissue biopsy is performed. The treatment is performed under general anesthesia, and consists of inserting optical and surgical tools into the peritoneum through three small, approximately 1-2 cm incisions in the abdominal wall. During surgery, the doctor removes the foci of endometriosis and the resulting adhesions and, if necessary, restores the correct alignment of the organs.
Laparoscopy in infertility treatment
Most often for women with minimal and average endometriosis, the laparoscopy is a sufficiently effective way of treating infertility and many of these women may soon be able to enjoy maternity. In many cases, however, hormone therapy is still introduced. For patients with very advanced condition, the procedure increases the chances of pregnancy, but the pregnancy rate after surgery is lower than for the patients with minimal and moderate endometriosis.
Trying to conceive after laparoscopy
During the procedure, the doctor will clear the fallopian tubes and this is part of the success while trying to conceive.
A woman who's trying to get pregnant should try to conceive as soon as possible after laparoscopy, because endometriosis is a condition we have for life and the effects of the surgery are not permanent.
Noteworthy: the above article is for information purposes only and can not replace a doctor's visit!